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5 most common STDs in the World

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) belong to a category of medical conditions that scares a lot of us and even makes some reluctant to engage in sexual activities. In this article we are going to list 5 most common STDs. Some of them are known to everyone while others might be unknown to the vast majority of the population.

1. HIV

This is, certainly, the most famous of all diseases related to sex. It is transmitted through semen, blood, breast milk and vaginal fluids. The earlier the detection of the virus, the higher the chances that the patient will live a long life.condoms-sex-education So far, the best we can do is to suppress the virus by using specific drugs.

2. Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a very serious medical problem especially because over 50% of the infected people have absolutely 0 symptoms until it is too late to do anything about it. A vaccine has already been invented, but the number of cases is still very high, having reached 1.250.000 in the USA alone.

3. Herpes

Just like HIV, herpes is a disease that has no available cure at the moment. There are two types, HSV1 and HSV2. Both have common symptoms in the form of lesions. The ones of HSV1 appear in the area of the mouth while HSV2 affects the genitals. The treatment includes antibiotics but since they are unable to kill the virus, it tends to relapse about 2-4 times on an annual basis.

4. Gonorrhea

According to the Center for Disease Control, about 700.000 new cases of gonorrhea are reported every year. It can attack the urethra of men, the cervix of women and/or the throat of both sexes. Its symptoms are usually mild with the most common being a burning feeling when urinating. Unlike the ones mentioned so far, this STD can be cured. An early detection of the bacterium combined with the correct antibiotics can kill the infection long before it causes any serious problems.

5. Syphilis

It is an infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It is very easy to transmit since, at first, it has no symptoms that cause pain or anything else that could alarm the carrier. As soon as the disease progresses, the individual may experience fever, sore throat, headaches and even hair loss. However, these symptoms are very rare. When diagnosed early, Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics, but if the disease develops untreated and manages to reach the central nervous system, it usually causes irreversible damage to the body.

These were only some of the known STDs. Reading and knowing about them should not be considered a reason to panic but, instead, a motive to take all possible measures to prevent them. Knowing the symptoms of a disease and visiting a doctor immediately if you suspect you might have one is the most basic part of a successful treatment.