Female Sexual Dysfunction - A Problem that Doesn't Get Sufficient Attention from Medical Community
Researchers have a tendency to focus on men as they study sexual dysfunction. The possible reasons for concentrating on male affairs are numerous. For example, men are more likely to speak about their problem than women are. Male problems are also more conspicuous than female ones are. As a result, medical science has developed several really effective medications for erectile dysfunction faced by men. Viagra, designed to solve ED, is a good example of such medications. Pfizer earned $1.93 billion in revenues in 2008 due to this product alone.
Unfortunately, sexual dysfunction in women has got the attention it deserves. Female sexual dysfunction is a serious and complicated problem that researchers and medical professionals have to tackle. It affects the emotional, physical, and psychological state of millions of women around the world.
A study on sexual dysfunction in women
The American Medical Association published a study on April 7, 1999. It appeared in issue number 281 of the Association's journal. The study involved a sample of 1749 women. The participants were between the ages of 18 to 59 years. Three prominent scholars constituted the research team namely Edward O. Laumann, Rosen RC, and Paik A. Laumann, a professor in the sociology department at the University of Chicago, who was the lead researcher.
Surprisingly, 43% of all the women surveyed reported some kind of sexual dysfunction including lack of desire, arousal difficulties, and pain during sexual intercourse among others. The researchers also discovered that sexual dysfunction in females differed across particular demographics. More specifically, some women were more likely to suffer from sexual dysfunction than the average woman was. They included women with minimal education, women with mental health issues, women with physical problems, single women, and women suffering financially or socially. It is also important to note that the National Institute of Health claims that 40% of the women in the USA have one or another sort of sexual dysfunction.
Basics of the classification of female sexual dysfunction
Basson R. developed seven categories for sexual dysfunction. They included hypoactive desire, sexual aversion, arousal disorder, and orgasmic disorder. The first one refers to apathy when it comes to sexual activities. Sexual aversion is simply avoiding sexual encounters with anyone while arousal disorder is not being able to maintain or attain sexual excitement. The last one, orgasmic disorder, is failing to achieve an orgasm even after sufficient arousal.
The other three categories were dyspareunia, noncoital pain, and vaginismus (primary and secondary). Dyspareunia refers to pain felt during intercourse while noncoital pain is pain felt in the genital areas during foreplay. Finally, vaginismus is a medical term for involuntary vaginal spasms. These spasms occur during or prior to sexual intercourse and make penetration impossible.